In 2019, The Department of Justice of the Ministry of Law and Justice, initiated Fast Track Special Courts (FTSC)as a Centrally sponsored scheme, for expeditious trial and disposal of pending cases of rape and offences against children under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012.
The scheme included 389 FTSCs exclusively for POCSO cases. Each FTSC was expected to dispose of 41-42 cases in each quarter and at least 165 cases in a year.
At the time the scheme was launched, the government had set a target of disposing of 1,66,882 cases of rape and POCSO Act cases pending trial in various courts.
It was noted by a Parliamentary panel on Home Affairs that only 597 fast track courts out of the total target of 1,023 had been set up in the country. The panel had expressed its concern regarding the implementation of the scheme.
On August 4, the Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of 1,023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) as a Central Scheme for another two years.
It was stated that the scheme would continue from April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2023 with an outlay of Rs 1572.86 crore. Out of this Rs 971.70 crore as central share, which would be received from the Nirbhaya Funds and Rs 601.16 crore would be the state share.