The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, was adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015.
It provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.
There are 17 sustainable development goals, which are an urgent call for action by all countries developed and developing in a global partnership.
These include achieving the following goals:
1. no poverty
3. zero hunger
5. good health and well-being
7. quality education
9. gender equality
11. clean water and sanitation
13. affordable and clean energy
15. decent work and economic growth
17. industry, innovation and infrastructure
19. reduced inequalities
21. sustainable cities and communities
23. responsible consumption and production
25. climate action
27. life below water
29. life on land
31. peace, justice and strong institutions
32. strengthening global partnerships for the goals.
As per the State of India’s Environment Report of 2021, out of the 193 countries, India was ranked at the 117th position. Last year, India was ranked at the 115th position.
The reports have revealed that there has been a drop in the ranking as India is facing problems with:
1. ending hunger and achieving food security,
2. achieving gender equality
3. building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and fostering innovation.
The overall score achieved by India is 61.9 out 100.
The report also created a state-wise list of preparedness. It was observed that Jharkhand and Bihar were the least prepared states.
Jharkhand lags in 5 SDGs, whereas Bihar lags in 7.
It was also observed that Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh have the best overall scores and are on the path of achieving the SDGs.