On 2nd December 2020, the Supreme Court gave directions to the Centre for installation of CCTV cameras in CBI, National Investigation Agency (NIA), ED and other probe agencies. It included all investigating agencies which had the power to conduct interrogations and proceed with the arrest. The direction was given to each official in different agencies in each state and Union Territory. The affidavit containing the action plan with the exact timeline for compliance with the order should be submitted within six weeks. The cameras have to be installed in the lock-up room, entry and exit gate, lobby and corridors and no part should be left without surveillance. The cameras should have the facility of night vision and audio plus video footage.
In 2018, the Supreme Court had ordered for installation of CCTV in the police stations to prevent custodial torture and abuses. There are committees to supervise like the State-level oversight committee and district-level oversight committee. It is the duty of the Station House Officer (SHO) to maintain the cameras and check their working condition. In the areas where there is no provision of electricity, the mode of power like solar and wind should be used.
The bench has posted the matter for hearing on 27th January and also directed to file affidavits to the Secretary of each state within 6 weeks.